D REPTILES

Reptile

Animal
Description

Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives. The study of these traditional reptile orders, historically combined with that of modern amphibians, is called herpetology.

Because some reptiles are more closely related to birds than they are to other reptiles (e.g., crocodiles are more closely related to birds than they are to lizards), the traditional groups of "reptiles" listed above do not together constitute a monophyletic grouping or clade (consisting of all descendants of a common ancestor). For this reason, many modern scientists prefer to consider the birds part of Reptilia as well, thereby making Reptilia a monophyletic class, including all living Diapsids.[1][2][3][4]

The earliest known proto-reptiles originated around 312 million years ago during the Carboniferous period, having evolved from advanced reptiliomorph tetrapods that became increasingly adapted to life on dry land. Some early examples include the lizard-like Hylonomus and Casineria. In addition to the living reptiles, there are many diverse groups that are now extinct, in some cases due to mass extinction events. In particular, the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event wiped out the pterosaurs, plesiosaurs, ornithischians, and sauropods, as well as many species of theropods, including troodontids, dromaeosaurids, tyrannosaurids, and abelisaurids, along with many Crocodyliformes, and squamates (e.g. mosasaurids).  Wikipedia

Class: Reptilia; Laurenti, 1768
Scientific name: Reptilia
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Rank: Class
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BLUE GECKO

$250.00
Lygodactylus williamsi is a critically endangered species of lizards, endemic to a small area of...

BLUE IGUANA

$120.00
The blue iguana, also known as the Grand Cayman ground iguana

PAINTED TURTLE

$40.00
The painted turtle is the most widespread native turtle of North America. It lives in slow-moving fresh...

ROYAL PYTHON

$120.00
The ball python, also called royal python, is a python species native to West and Central Africa, where...